The most common of foot deformities is flat feet. It can develop at any age and significantly complicate our lives. The process of deformity is a lowering of the arches of the foot, which are curved arch-shaped structures formed by bones, ligaments and tendons that provide cushioning, weight support and proper biomechanics of the foot.

A flattened or missing arch results in partial or full contact of the sole with the surface, causing excessive stress on various parts of the foot, shins and knees. This can lead to a number of problems, including:

  • Pain in the feet, ankles, knees, hips and even the back.
  • Leg fatigue after walking or standing for short periods of time.
  • An awkward gait, which increases susceptibility to injury.
  • Formation of calluses and corns, due to improper weight distribution.
  • Increased risk of developing arthritis in the joints of the lower limbs and hips.

Understanding the problem of flatfoot deformity and the importance of correcting it in a timely manner is the first step to effective treatment and restoring foot health.

When Is Correction of Flat Foot Deformation Recommended?

Correction of the deformity is recommended when it causes significant functional problems and discomfort. Correction of the arch of the foot may be necessary:

  • due to functional disorders provoked by arthritis, osteoarthritis, diabetic foot;
  • after fractures, dislocations or sprains;
  • patients with excessive body weight, which puts additional stress on the feet and aggravates flat feet;
  • pregnant women, whose ligaments soften during this period, which can lead to the lowering of the arch of the foot;
  • patients who are at increased risk of developing flat feet - whose work involves prolonged standing or walking.

Pathologic symptomatology may be manifested by:

  • severe or persistent pain in different parts of the foot, including the arch, heel, and toe pads, which may increase with prolonged walking or standing;
  • fatigue and a feeling of heaviness in the feet, especially after physical activity;
  • limited mobility of the feet, making some movements painful or impossible;
  • noticeable change in the shape of the foot - flattening of the arch or deviation of the toes;
  • inflammation and swelling in the foot and ankle area. 

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a podiatrist in time for diagnosis and treatment.

Preparation for Surgery

You will need to undergo a number of tests and preparatory procedures before surgery. 

  • A consultation with a podiatric surgeon. The doctor will examine your feet, review your medical history, and discuss treatment options with you.
  • X-rays, CT or MRI scans of the feet, and blood tests may be ordered to determine the extent of your flat feet and develop a surgical plan to determine your overall health.
  • In some cases, a cardiologist or anesthesiologist may need to be consulted.

You will need to inform your doctor about all the medications you are taking, as some of them may need to be discontinued before the operation.

For 4 weeks before the operation, you should stop smoking to ensure that the healing process goes without complications. For 6 hours before surgery should refrain from eating, drink water without gas in small quantities.

By following the doctor's recommendations, you will be able to properly prepare for surgery and make it as safe and comfortable as possible.

The Correction of Flat Foot Deformation Procedure

Correction of flat feet may involve different treatment methods, depending on the degree and type of deformity.

Conservative methods

  • Orthotic insoles: custom-made insoles help to support the arch of the foot, distribute the load and reduce pain.
  • Physical therapy: special exercises strengthen the muscles of the foot and lower leg, improve mobility and stabilize the arch.
  • Medication: anti-inflammatory and pain medications help to relieve inflammation and pain.

Surgical treatment

When conservative methods fail, surgical options are considered.

  1. Flatfoot Surgery. The main goal of surgery is to restore the normal form and function of the foot. Different types of surgery may be used, depending on the individual case.
  • Resection Arthroplasty: removal of part of a bone or joint to reduce deformity and improve foot function.
  • Arthrodesis: fusion of two or more bones in the foot to create a stiffer and more stable structure.
  • Tendon transfer: moving tendons to improve the balance of forces in the foot.
  • Implant placement: special devices may be implanted in the foot to reposition bones and improve foot function.
  1. Reconstructive techniques

In some cases, reconstructive methods can be used to correct flat feet.

  • Carpal tunnel fixation: placing a metal rod through the heel and the talus bone to stabilize the foot.
  • Heel support: placing an implant under the heel bone to change its position and improve foot function.

Orthotic devices

After flatfoot surgery, or as part of conservative treatment, various orthotic devices can be used

  • Orthopedic shoes: provide additional support. Helps to properly distribute the load on the foot.
  • Bandages and braces: to stabilize the foot and ankle joint, helping in the recovery period after surgery.

Each method is selected individually based on a thorough diagnosis and assessment of the patient's condition.

Recovery and Aftercare

The recovery process after surgery requires time and adherence to certain rehabilitation measures.

  1. Postoperative period
  • Immobilization: during the first few weeks after surgery, the leg may be fixed in a cast or special orthosis to ensure stability and proper healing.
  • Pain and inflammation control: use of anti-inflammatory and pain medications as recommended by your doctor.
  1. Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy plays a key role in restoring foot function, these are:

  • special exercises to strengthen the muscles of the foot and lower leg.
  • exercises and manual therapy to restore the normal amount of movement in the joints.
  • gradual increase of the load on the foot to prevent overloading.
  1. 3. Use of supportive footwear
  • Custom-made orthotic insoles help maintain proper foot positioning and even load distribution.
  • Wearing orthopedic shoes provides additional support and comfort.

At the same time, it is important to visit the doctor regularly to assess the recovery process and possible correction of the treatment.

Why Choose Our Clinic?

Choosing a clinic is an important decision that will determine the outcome of the treatment you need. Why is Illinois Foot & Ankle Clinic the best choice for you?

  1. Experienced specialist
  • Dr. Alex Yanovskiy, DPM: the clinic's leading specialist, podiatrist-surgeon with many years of experience in the treatment and surgery of flat feet. His professionalism and attentive approach to each patient guarantee high quality of medical services.
  1. Individual approach
  • We offer an individualized treatment plan that takes into account all the peculiarities of the patient's condition.
  • Thorough examination and the use of advanced diagnostic techniques allow us to accurately identify the problem and choose the best treatment option.
  1. Modern methods of treatment
  • Our clinic uses modern methods of flatfoot correction, including reconstructive surgeries and minimally invasive procedures.
  1. Full range of services
  • Our team provides full patient support at all stages of treatment and rehabilitation. 

Many of our patients have successfully completed their treatment and rehabilitation, as evidenced by numerous positive testimonials. We strive to achieve the best results in every case, helping our patients regain mobility and get rid of pain. By choosing Illinois Foot & Ankle Clinic, you are trusting your health to professionals - this will be your first step to healthy feet.

Contact Us

Have any questions? Reach out to us from our contact form and we will get back to you shortly.

1400 East Golf Rd, Unit 201, Des Plaines, IL 60016

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